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The table shows the distance a seismic wave can travel based on its distance from an earthquakeÕs epicenter. Draw a scatter plot and a curve of best fit that relates distance to travel time. Then determine approximately how far from the epicenter the wave will be felt 8.5 minutes after the earthquake occurs. Travel Time (min) 1 2 5 7 10 12 13.

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Calculating the Epicenter of Earthquakes Main Concept Seismology is the study of earthquakes, their effects, and seismic waves. The location of an earthquake's epicenter (point on the earth's surface directly above the location of rupture or faulting)... Contact Maplesoft Request Quote. Travel-time curves are graphs that indicate how long it takes each type of seismic wave to travel a distance measured on Earth's surface. The difference between the S-wave arrival time and the P-wave arrival time corresponds to the distance of the seismograph station from the earthquake focus. This time difference can be converted. Description. Frequency is cycles per second . Time. 此專案是針對iPad,使用 Explain Everything™ Interactive Whiteboard 製作而成。 198 = 198 seconds = 3 minutes and 18 seconds. After looking at the Earthquake Time Travel Graph, it is clear that the two curves have a difference of 5 units on the time axis at, = 3.4. Here are few more real life examples -, Storage coefficient from.

. Maps were generated using Tsunami Travel Times (TTT) software (see below) developed by Paul Wessel, Geoware. TTT software calculates first-arrival travel times on a grid for a tsunami generated at a given earthquake epicenter or coastal location. Maps do not provide information on the height or the strength of the wave, only the arrival times.

For each earthquake in your data table, calculate the velocity of the seismic wave by dividing the distance by the elapsed time you calculated from the seismogram. Add this velocity data to your data table. For our example, the distance is 9030 km, and the time is 721 s. The calculated velocity is 12.5 km/s.

ANSWER 1. In chico p-wave arri . View the full answer. Transcribed image text: Alright now let's look at seismograms from the (geologically) famous earthquake of October 18, 1989. These seismograms have been simplified for you; however, they accurately portray the arrival times and amplitudes of P.S. and L seismic waves at recording stations.

Enter the two magnitudes you want to compare - for our example these are 5.8 and 7.1. We find out that a magnitude 7.1 is 20 times bigger (on a seismogram, in terms of amplitudes), and ~89 times stronger (in terms of energy release) than a 5.8 magnitude. the amplitude of shaking is 10 times larger.

Be sure to review both the textbook and the example before attempting this lab. A. Locating the Earthquake Epicenter (50 pts) 1. Estimate to the nearest half-second the S-P interval from the three seismograms shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. After, use the S-P travel time curve (Fig. 4) to determine the distance between the epicenter and the city.

The first major upswing or downswing is the beginning or arrival time of a primary wave. 4. Click the Distance Graph button. Each tick on the y - axis represents a 15 second increment. On the y - axis, find the time difference you calculated and then find the corresponding x - value. Round off the distance to the nearest 500-m increment. Laura Naranjo. Few people are likely to forget the 2004 Sumatra Earthquake, which produced a devastating tsunami that killed more than 230,000 people across Southeast Asia. When an undersea earthquake strikes near a coastal area or a remote seafloor, the resulting large ocean waves can cause more damage than the earthquake.

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Calculating the Origin Time of the Earthquake (10 pts) The first seismic waves felt in Reno, Nevada occurred at 9:31:45 am (hrs:minutes:seconds). Using this time, the information gathered in Part A, and the travel time curve, to calculate the exact time (to the nearest second), when the earthquake originated. Explain how you arrived at your answer. massive earthquakes occurring.

P and S-P travel times as a function of source distance for an earthquake 33 km deep. The Time of the first arriving P phase is given, along with the time difference between the S and P phases. The latter time is known as the S minus P time. This table is based on the iasp91 model of Kennett and Engdahl (1991) and was generated with the program.

The National Seismic Hazards Mapping project provides an online Web tool for determining the probability of a large earthquake within 50 kilometers (~31 miles) of a specific location in the United States over a certain time period. The calculation is based on the latest available information from seismic hazard data. However, asking if it's safe to travel somewhere because of recent.

Travelmath provides an online travel time calculator to help you figure out flight and driving times. You can compare the results to see the effect on the total duration of your trip. Usually, the flight time will be shorter, but if the destination is close, the driving time can still be reasonable. Another popular tool is the time difference.

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Job Summary: Engineering. 2. Calculate the difference between the arrival time of the P - wave and the S- wave . Time Difference = 6.0 − 1.0 = 5.0 min 3. Refer to the Earthquake Time Travel Graph. Determine the location on the graph where the two curves have a time difference equal to the time difference you previously calculated. For each earthquake in your data table, calculate the velocity of the seismic wave by dividing the distance by the elapsed time you calculated from the seismogram. Add this velocity data to your data table. For our example, the distance is 9030 km, and the time is 721 s. The calculated velocity is 12.5 km/s. Calculator Use. Calculate speed, distance or time using the formula d = st, distance equals speed times time. The Speed Distance Time Calculator can solve for the unknown sdt value given two known values. Time can be entered or solved for in units of secondes (s), minutes (min), hours (hr), or hours and minutes and seconds (hh:mm:ss). Determine the location on the graph where the two curves have a time difference equal to the time difference you previously calculated.After looking at the Earthquake Time Travel Graph, it is clear that the two curves have a difference of 5 units on the time axis at = 3.4. Basic Math. Math Calculator. Step 1: Enter the expression you want to evaluate. The Math Calculator will evaluate your problem down to a final solution. You can also add, subtraction, multiply, and divide and complete any arithmetic you need. Step 2: Click the blue arrow to submit and see your result!.

A travel-time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake (time and distance = zero) to seismograph stations varying distances away. The curves are the result of analyzing seismic waves from thousands of earthquakes, received by hundreds of seismic stations around the world. Determine the location on the graph where the two curves have a time difference equal to the time difference you previously calculated.After looking at the Earthquake Time Travel Graph, it is clear that the two curves have a difference of 5 units on the time axis at = 3.4. Load Earthquake Data. The file quake.mat contains 200Hz data from the October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The data are courtesy of Joel Yellin at the Charles F. Richter Seismological Laboratory, University of California, Santa Cruz. Start by loading the data. Name Size Bytes Class Attributes e 10001x1 80008.

TESC discusses how to use this time travel graph, calculate S-P arrival times and epicenter distance from a seismogram. Used to triangulate the earthquake's.

Calculating the Origin Time of the Earthquake (10 pts) The first seismic waves felt in Reno, Nevada occurred at 9:31:45 am (hrs:minutes:seconds). Using this time, the information gathered in Part A, and the travel time curve, to calculate the exact time (to the nearest second), when the earthquake originated. Explain how you arrived at your answer. massive earthquakes occurring. Learn more: www.iris.edu/earthquakeA travel-time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake s. This vodcast briefly goes over how to find distance to an epicenter and time traveled by a seismic body wave using an S-P time curve.

of the earthquake. Calculate the average origin time. 5. Subtract the average origin time from the P-wave arrival time in column 2 of the table to get a new estimate of the P-wave travel time t(P) and enter it in column 7. 6. Read the distance Éfi corresponding to the travel time t(P) in column 7 using the graph of t(P) against É on page 6. Learn more: www.iris.edu/earthquakeA travel-time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake s.

Maps were generated using Tsunami Travel Times (TTT) software (see below) developed by Paul Wessel, Geoware. TTT software calculates first-arrival travel times on a grid for a tsunami generated at a given earthquake epicenter or coastal location. Maps do not provide information on the height or the strength of the wave, only the arrival times. This time difference is called the S minus P (S – P) time and is like the Walk – Run [or Slow Walk – Walk] time of our simulation. Record this difference, in seconds, on Data Table 2. Repeat this step, and record the difference in arrival times. Recover all materials and return to the classroom.

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A. Travel time (time distance) graph · using the differences in arrival times of the P and S waves at a seismic station (obtained from information on a seismogram) and a graph which plots the distance body waves travel to the seismic station as a function of time, the distance of an earthquake epicenter from a seismic station can be determined. Select Page. tsunami travel time calculator. by | Mar 3, 2021 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Mar 3, 2021 | Uncategorized | 0 comments.

Travel Time Definition. The Travel Time Calculator will instantly calculate the travel time it takes to get anywhere if you enter the distance to your destination and the average speed you plan to travel. The default units are miles and miles per hour, but the calculator will also work if you use kilometers and kilometers per hour. Enter the latitude and longitude of the earthquake and station and the focal depth of the earthquake. = 6.0 min. Calculate the difference between the arrival time of the P-wave and the S-wave.Referring to the Earthquake Time Travel Graph below, determine the location on the graph where the two lines have a difference in their y values equal to the time difference you. Earthquake-station distances need to be calculated separately by first picking P and S arrival times on seismograms, and then using a P and S wave travel time graph to determine the distance. We are showing the 1000 latest earthquakes with a magnitude of at least 5. To plot a different selection of events, visit Interactive Earthquake Browser. Make sure you subtract any rests or stops you made from the total trip duration. If the total distance travelled was 500 miles and the time it took you was 5 hours, then your average speed was 500 / 5 = 100 miles per hour (mph). If the distance was 300 kilometers and it took you 5 hours to cover it, your speed was 300 / 5 = 60 km/h (kilometers.

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. How to Use an Earthquake Travel Time Graph An Earthquake Travel Time Graph can be used to find several different variables. Let’s start with: TRAVEL TIME or DISTANCE from EPICENTER (Given one, find the other) Sample Problem: A seismic station is 3000 kilometers from the epicenter of an earthquake.

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This is all the data it takes to enable time-slicing. Given the point in time t from which we wish to query our graph G, we can easily filter to include only the edges which were valid at time t. Using the bind parameter @queryTime with value t in the query below, we should get all the valid paths. 1.

Dr. Robert Butler briefly describes how to use seismic travel-time curves. You can observe the P- and S-wave arrivals on a seismogram to calculate how far away an earthquake was from your station. A traveltime curve is a graph of arrival times, commonly P or S waves, recorded at different points as a function of distance from the seismic source.

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ANSWER 1. In chico p-wave arri . View the full answer. Transcribed image text: Alright now let's look at seismograms from the (geologically) famous earthquake of October 18, 1989. These seismograms have been simplified for you; however, they accurately portray the arrival times and amplitudes of P.S. and L seismic waves at recording stations.

Earthquakes Practice: Time-travel graphs and Seismographs 1. How long will it take a P wave to travel 8000km? _____ 2. A P wave arrives at 3:00pm. If the S waves arrive at the seismograph station at 3:10pm, approximately how far was the earthquake from the station? _____ 1. How long does it take for a primary wave to travel 2000 km? _____ 2.

Job Summary: Engineering. 2. Calculate the difference between the arrival time of the P - wave and the S- wave . Time Difference = 6.0 − 1.0 = 5.0 min 3. Refer to the Earthquake Time Travel Graph. Determine the location on the graph where the two curves have a time difference equal to the time difference you previously calculated. Basic worksheet that leads students through the processes of calculating distances to an epicenter, travel times for P & S waves and origin times of an Earthquake. Leads students through skills such as subtracting time and using a travel time graph. This vodcast briefly goes over how to find distance to an epicenter and time traveled by a seismic body wave using an S-P time curve.

Description. Frequency is cycles per second . Time. 此專案是針對iPad,使用 Explain Everything™ Interactive Whiteboard 製作而成。 198 = 198 seconds = 3 minutes and 18 seconds. After looking at the Earthquake Time Travel Graph, it is clear that the two curves have a difference of 5 units on the time axis at, = 3.4. Here are few more real life examples -, Storage coefficient from. . If the application does not load, try our legacy Latest Earthquakes application. USGS Magnitude 2.5+ Earthquakes, Past Day 45 earthquakes. Only List Earthquakes Shown on Map ... Search Earthquake Catalog Time Zone. Display event dates and times using this time zone. User Time Zone . UTC-07:00 UTC . Distance.

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In other words, if P-waves travel at 4.00 miles per second, and S-waves travel at 2.50 miles per second, and the lag time is 15 seconds, the distance of the earthquake epicenter will be 100 miles. The method of this calculation is shown below.

On travel graphs, time always goes on the horizontal axis (because it is the independent variable). Trapezium Rule. This is a useful method of estimating the area under a graph. You often need to find the area under a velocity-time graph since this is the distance travelled. Area under a curved graph = ½ × d × (first + last + 2(sum of rest)). Travel-time curves are graphs that indicate how long it takes each type of seismic wave to travel a distance measured on Earth's surface. The difference between the S-wave arrival time and the P-wave arrival time corresponds to the distance of the seismograph station from the earthquake focus. This time difference can be converted.

Compute travel time for individual SAC traces Finally, you can use a program named "gentt" written by me to compute the travel time for P and S waves based on the event longitude, latitude and depth (evlo, evla, evdp), and station longitude and latitude (stlo, stla). This program can be used together with the "saclst" program.

Scientists know how fast P- and S-waves travel when an earthquake occurs. They can calculate the distance of the epicenter from earthquake by measuring the difference in arrival time of P- and S-waves at their stations. The difference in arrival time of the waves are: Station A: 238 seconds. Station B: 133 seconds. Station C: 183 seconds. 3.

To locate the centre to the earthquake (epicentre), various seismograms are analyzed for the lag time (time difference) between the P and S waves. The P waves are easy to identify because they are always first to arrive and their amplitude is smaller than the S wave. S waves are indicated by an abrupt change in wave amplitude. <p>The arrival times of P, S, and surface waves are shown to be predictable. Determine the arrival times of the P-wave and the S-wave:2. (New) Standard Phrases for use in Graph Writing Task-I (KBS) JSEnter one or more tags separated Click on a pin on the map to see more information. Latest Earthquakes in the world. The latter time is known as the S minus P time.This table is. As the P and S waves travel out from an earthquake the P waves get progressively farther ahead of the S waves. Therefore, the farther a seismic recording station is from the earthquake epicenter the greater will be the difference in time of arrival between the P and S wave. The distance of a seismic station from an earthquake is easily.

Load Earthquake Data. The file quake.mat contains 200Hz data from the October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The data are courtesy of Joel Yellin at the Charles F. Richter Seismological Laboratory, University of California, Santa Cruz. Start by loading the data. Name Size Bytes Class Attributes e 10001x1 80008.

The table shows the distance a seismic wave can travel based on its distance from an earthquakeÕs epicenter. Draw a scatter plot and a curve of best fit that relates distance to travel time. Then determine approximately how far from the epicenter the wave will be felt 8.5 minutes after the earthquake occurs. Travel Time (min) 1 2 5 7 10 12 13.

How to Use an Earthquake Travel Time Graph An Earthquake Travel Time Graph can be used to find several different variables. Let’s start with: TRAVEL TIME or DISTANCE from EPICENTER (Given one, find the other) Sample Problem: A seismic station is 3000 kilometers from the epicenter of an earthquake.

Except in public most powerful earthquakes they generally do not sway much damage. Ridge is south of Iceland. Using this epicenter distance we had find the travel time reflect the S wave. Do indeed eat any of giant corn. Remove all groups to provide each earthquake and p wave s travel time numbers and mineral breaks or coiled.

Calculating the Origin Time of the Earthquake (10 pts) The first seismic waves felt in Reno, Nevada occurred at 9:31:45 am (hrs:minutes:seconds). Using this time, the information gathered in Part A, and the travel time curve, to calculate the exact time (to the nearest second), when the earthquake originated. Explain how you arrived at your answer. massive earthquakes occurring.

<p>The arrival times of P, S, and surface waves are shown to be predictable. Determine the arrival times of the P-wave and the S-wave:2. (New) Standard Phrases for use in Graph Writing Task-I (KBS) JSEnter one or more tags separated Click on a pin on the map to see more information. Latest Earthquakes in the world. The latter time is known as the S minus P time.This table is.

Earthquake Travel Time Information and Calculator Calculator : Generate a listing of phase arrival times at YOUR seismic station Recent Earthquakes Specify Earthquake Graph of seismic travel time in minutes versus distance in degrees for an earthquake at the Earth's surface Table of P and S minus P <b>times</b> versus distance in degrees. The graph on page 11 can be used to find several different variables. Letâs How to Use the Earthquake Travel Time Graph (Page 11 of the Earth Science Reference Tables).

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A travel-time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake (time and distance = zero) to seismograph stations varying distances away. The curves are the result of analyzing seismic waves from thousands of earthquakes, received by hundreds of seismic stations around the world.

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Calculating the Origin Time of the Earthquake (10 pts) The first seismic waves felt in Reno, Nevada occurred at 9:31:45 am (hrs:minutes:seconds). Using this time, the information gathered in Part A, and the travel time curve, to calculate the exact time (to the nearest second), when the earthquake originated. Explain how you arrived at your answer. massive earthquakes occurring.

Maps were generated using Tsunami Travel Times (TTT) software (see below) developed by Paul Wessel, Geoware. TTT software calculates first-arrival travel times on a grid for a tsunami generated at a given earthquake epicenter or coastal location. Maps do not provide information on the height or the strength of the wave, only the arrival times.

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Additional Activity Trace the Wiggly Objectives: 1. Determine the epicentral distance of each station to the earthquake using a travel time curve in kilometre. 2. Measure the computed information in centimetre applying the map scale. Materials: Seismogram data Ruler Calculator Travel-time curve graph What to Do: 1. Refer to the actual seismogram data of the June 15, 1995 earthquake in Jan. The earthquake generated a tsunami with runup heights reaching 6 meters, causing extensive damage along the western and northern coasts of Puerto Rico. The earthquake and tsunami caused $29 million damage, 116 people were killed and 100 were reported missing. ... Travel time map for a hypothetical magnitude 9.2 earthquake off the coast of.

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Plain Graph Paper Author: incompetech.com Subject: Plain Graph Paper Created Date: 7/6/2010 11:33:15 PM. A travel time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake to seismograph stations at varying distances away. The velocity of seismic waves through different materials yield information about Earth's deep interior. IRIS' travel times graphic for the 1994 Northridge, CA earthquake.

Earthquake-station distances need to be calculated separately by first picking P and S arrival times on seismograms, and then using a P and S wave travel time graph to determine the distance. We are showing the 1000 latest earthquakes with a magnitude of at least 5. To plot a different selection of events, visit Interactive Earthquake Browser.

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Laura Naranjo. Few people are likely to forget the 2004 Sumatra Earthquake, which produced a devastating tsunami that killed more than 230,000 people across Southeast Asia. When an undersea earthquake strikes near a coastal area or a remote seafloor, the resulting large ocean waves can cause more damage than the earthquake.
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ASCE 7-10. These gridded text files contain S S, S 1, PGA, C RS, and C R1 parameter values from the 2010 ASCE 7 Standard. Please note that these values will not exactly match those provided by the U.S. Seismic Design Maps. The Maps interpolate the underlying probabilistic and deterministic ground motions, as well as the risk coefficients.

Calculating the Epicenter of Earthquakes Main Concept Seismology is the study of earthquakes, their effects, and seismic waves. The location of an earthquake's epicenter (point on the earth's surface directly above the location of rupture or faulting)... Contact Maplesoft Request Quote.

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Your Mission: (1) Simulate velocities of different materials and how earthquake waves travel through the Earth at different speeds. (2) Construct and utilize a graph to characterize the relationship between distance and time of travel of seismic waves (a Travel-Time curve). Your Supplies: (1) A team of 4 (2) Pencils: regular, red, and green. Laura Naranjo. Few people are likely to forget the 2004 Sumatra Earthquake, which produced a devastating tsunami that killed more than 230,000 people across Southeast Asia. When an undersea earthquake strikes near a coastal area or a remote seafloor, the resulting large ocean waves can cause more damage than the earthquake.

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In other words, if P-waves travel at 4.00 miles per second, and S-waves travel at 2.50 miles per second, and the lag time is 15 seconds, the distance of the earthquake epicenter will be 100 miles. The method of this calculation is shown below.

Once you’ve calculated the S-P Interval Time/Lag Time for this Seismic Station, determine how far away this station was from the Epicenter of the earthquake. From the S-P interval a seismologists can determine the to an earthquake. Given three differently located seismic stations, the time-travel graph can be used to determine the position of. This is all the data it takes to enable time-slicing. Given the point in time t from which we wish to query our graph G, we can easily filter to include only the edges which were valid at time t. Using the bind parameter @queryTime with value t in the query below, we should get all the valid paths. 1.

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What is meant by travel time in terms of locating an earthquake? You can observe the P- and S-wave arrivals on a seismogram to calculate how far away an earthquake was from your station. A traveltime curve is a graph of arrival times, commonly P or S waves, recorded at different points as a function of distance from the seismic source.
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A travel time curve is a graph of the time that it takes for seismic waves to travel from the epicenter of an earthquake to seismograph stations at varying distances away. The velocity of seismic waves through different materials yield information about Earth's deep interior. IRIS' travel times graphic for the 1994 Northridge, CA earthquake.

Enter the latitude and longitude of the earthquake and station and the focal depth of the earthquake. = 6.0 min. Calculate the difference between the arrival time of the P-wave and the S-wave.Referring to the Earthquake Time Travel Graph below, determine the location on the graph where the two lines have a difference in their y values equal to the time difference you. Earthquake-station distances need to be calculated separately by first picking P and S arrival times on seismograms, and then using a P and S wave travel time graph to determine the distance. We are showing the 1000 latest earthquakes with a magnitude of at least 5. To plot a different selection of events, visit Interactive Earthquake Browser. Basic worksheet that leads students through the processes of calculating distances to an epicenter, travel times for P &amp; S waves and origin times of an Earthquake. Leads students through skills such as subtracting time and using a travel time graph. Calculating the Origin Time of the Earthquake (10 pts) The first seismic waves felt in Reno, Nevada occurred at 9:31:45 am (hrs:minutes:seconds). Using this time, the information gathered in Part A, and the travel time curve, to calculate the exact time (to the nearest second), when the earthquake originated. Explain how you arrived at your answer. massive earthquakes occurring.

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Epicentral Distance & Phase Travel Time Calculator. Enter the latitudes and longitudes using decimal degrees and negative numbers to represent West and South directions. +90 latitude is N to -90 latitude is S of equator; +180 longitude is E to -180 longitude is W of prime meridian. The focal depth should be entered in km, where 0 = Surface. Generalizing these cases into a comprehensive algorithm for calculating inbreeding in the face of time travel is left as an exercise for the reader. But I suspect it involves a multidigraph where each vertex represents an individual organism, and each arrow represents a gamete, pointing from the parent that created the gamete to the child.
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